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bt_overflow.c

/*-
 * Copyright (c) 1990, 1993, 1994
 *    The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * This code is derived from software contributed to Berkeley by
 * Mike Olson.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
 *    must display the following acknowledgement:
 *    This product includes software developed by the University of
 *    California, Berkeley and its contributors.
 * 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#if defined(LIBC_SCCS) && !defined(lint)
static char sccsid[] = "@(#)bt_overflow.c 8.5 (Berkeley) 7/16/94";
#endif /* LIBC_SCCS and not lint */

#include <sys/param.h>

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>

#include <db.h>
#include "btree.h"

/*
 * Big key/data code.
 *
 * Big key and data entries are stored on linked lists of pages.  The initial
 * reference is byte string stored with the key or data and is the page number
 * and size.  The actual record is stored in a chain of pages linked by the
 * nextpg field of the PAGE header.
 *
 * The first page of the chain has a special property.  If the record is used
 * by an internal page, it cannot be deleted and the P_PRESERVE bit will be set
 * in the header.
 *
 * XXX
 * A single DBT is written to each chain, so a lot of space on the last page
 * is wasted.  This is a fairly major bug for some data sets.
 */

/*
 * __OVFL_GET -- Get an overflow key/data item.
 *
 * Parameters:
 *    t:    tree
 *    p:    pointer to { pgno_t, u_int32_t }
 *    buf:  storage address
 *    bufsz:      storage size
 *
 * Returns:
 *    RET_ERROR, RET_SUCCESS
 */
int
__ovfl_get(t, p, ssz, buf, bufsz)
      BTREE *t;
      void *p;
      size_t *ssz;
      void **buf;
      size_t *bufsz;
{
      PAGE *h;
      pgno_t pg;
      size_t nb, plen;
      u_int32_t sz;

      memmove(&pg, p, sizeof(pgno_t));
      memmove(&sz, (char *)p + sizeof(pgno_t), sizeof(u_int32_t));
      *ssz = sz;

#ifdef DEBUG
      if (pg == P_INVALID || sz == 0)
            abort();
#endif
      /* Make the buffer bigger as necessary. */
      if (*bufsz < sz) {
            *buf = (char *)(*buf == NULL ? malloc(sz) : realloc(*buf, sz));
            if (*buf == NULL)
                  return (RET_ERROR);
            *bufsz = sz;
      }

      /*
       * Step through the linked list of pages, copying the data on each one
       * into the buffer.  Never copy more than the data's length.
       */
      plen = t->bt_psize - BTDATAOFF;
      for (p = *buf;; p = (char *)p + nb, pg = h->nextpg) {
            if ((h = mpool_get(t->bt_mp, pg, 0)) == NULL)
                  return (RET_ERROR);

            nb = MIN(sz, plen);
            memmove(p, (char *)h + BTDATAOFF, nb);
            mpool_put(t->bt_mp, h, 0);

            if ((sz -= nb) == 0)
                  break;
      }
      return (RET_SUCCESS);
}

/*
 * __OVFL_PUT -- Store an overflow key/data item.
 *
 * Parameters:
 *    t:    tree
 *    data: DBT to store
 *    pgno: storage page number
 *
 * Returns:
 *    RET_ERROR, RET_SUCCESS
 */
int
__ovfl_put(t, dbt, pg)
      BTREE *t;
      const DBT *dbt;
      pgno_t *pg;
{
      PAGE *h, *last;
      void *p;
      pgno_t npg;
      size_t nb, plen;
      u_int32_t sz;

      /*
       * Allocate pages and copy the key/data record into them.  Store the
       * number of the first page in the chain.
       */
      plen = t->bt_psize - BTDATAOFF;
      for (last = NULL, p = dbt->data, sz = dbt->size;;
          p = (char *)p + plen, last = h) {
            if ((h = __bt_new(t, &npg)) == NULL)
                  return (RET_ERROR);

            h->pgno = npg;
            h->nextpg = h->prevpg = P_INVALID;
            h->flags = P_OVERFLOW;
            h->lower = h->upper = 0;

            nb = MIN(sz, plen);
            memmove((char *)h + BTDATAOFF, p, nb);

            if (last) {
                  last->nextpg = h->pgno;
                  mpool_put(t->bt_mp, last, MPOOL_DIRTY);
            } else
                  *pg = h->pgno;

            if ((sz -= nb) == 0) {
                  mpool_put(t->bt_mp, h, MPOOL_DIRTY);
                  break;
            }
      }
      return (RET_SUCCESS);
}

/*
 * __OVFL_DELETE -- Delete an overflow chain.
 *
 * Parameters:
 *    t:    tree
 *    p:    pointer to { pgno_t, u_int32_t }
 *
 * Returns:
 *    RET_ERROR, RET_SUCCESS
 */
int
__ovfl_delete(t, p)
      BTREE *t;
      void *p;
{
      PAGE *h;
      pgno_t pg;
      size_t plen;
      u_int32_t sz;

      memmove(&pg, p, sizeof(pgno_t));
      memmove(&sz, (char *)p + sizeof(pgno_t), sizeof(u_int32_t));

#ifdef DEBUG
      if (pg == P_INVALID || sz == 0)
            abort();
#endif
      if ((h = mpool_get(t->bt_mp, pg, 0)) == NULL)
            return (RET_ERROR);

      /* Don't delete chains used by internal pages. */
      if (h->flags & P_PRESERVE) {
            mpool_put(t->bt_mp, h, 0);
            return (RET_SUCCESS);
      }

      /* Step through the chain, calling the free routine for each page. */
      for (plen = t->bt_psize - BTDATAOFF;; sz -= plen) {
            pg = h->nextpg;
            __bt_free(t, h);
            if (sz <= plen)
                  break;
            if ((h = mpool_get(t->bt_mp, pg, 0)) == NULL)
                  return (RET_ERROR);
      }
      return (RET_SUCCESS);
}

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